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David Sackett: dall’epidemiologia clinica all’EbM

Pubblicato martedì 19 maggio 2015

È morto il 13 maggio David Sackett, uno dei principali esponenti dell’Evidence-based Medicine, primo Chair della Cochrane Collaboration. Nel 1967 aveva fondato il primo Dipartimento di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica al mondo e nel 1994 il Centre for EBM di Oxford.

A pochi giorni dalla scomparsa sono in tanti a ricordarlo a cominciare da Iain Chalmers (uno dei fondatori della Cochrane Collaboration), che in un tweet scrive: “David Sackett has died, No-one has done more to promote the use of research evidence in clinical practice. Respect!”. Come evidenzia la notizia pubblicata sul sito dell’Associazione Alessandro Liberati, Network Italiano Cochrane, Sackett è stato uno dei “costruttori” della Epidemiologia clinica e della medicina basata sull’evidenza, sempre pronto a rinnovarsi, come sottolineano, tra gli altri, Richard Smith, sul BMJ e un post sul blog dottprof.

Per il Canadian Medical Association Journal, e molti altri, Sackett è il padre della Evidence.based Medicine, “un gigante tra i giganti”, che riuscì a rendere la ricerca clinica “un gioco di squadra,” come dice l’attuale direttore del Cochrane Canada, Jeremy Grimshaw, e “ha cambiato in meglio la qualità della ricerca medica e la pratica clinica”.

Sulla pagina Farewell to Dave Sackett (Cochrane Community) si stanno raccogliendo ricordi, foto, riflessioni di chi lo ha conosciuto e di chi ne ha apprezzato il lavoro.

Fonti:
McMaster University: Tributes pour in for ‘father of evidence-based medicine’ David Sackett, 14/05/2015.
Grimshaw J. In Memoriam: Dr David Sackett, Founding Chair of The Cochrane Collaboration.
Associazione Alessandro Liberati, Network Italiano Cochrane. Dave, costruttore della EBM, 14/05/2015.
Luca De Fiore. David Sackett, fuoriclasse per la squadra. dottprof.com, 14/05/2015.
Smith R. David Sackett. BMJ 2015;350:h2639
Julia Belluz. David Sackett, the father of evidence-based medicine, dies at 80. Vox.
Roger Collier, CMAJ. Dr David Sackett, e giant among giants, 15/05/2015.
Dr. David L. Sackett: father of evidence-based medicine. CMAJ, maggio 2015: il Canadian Medical Association Journal mette a disposizione un elenco degli articoli pubblicati sulla rivista canadese.

David Sackett, Wikipedia

Bibliografia essenziale
Sackett  DL. How to read clinical journals, I: why to read them and how to start reading them critically. Can Med Assoc J 1981;124(5):555-558.
Sackett DL, Rennie D. The science of the art of the clinical examination. JAMA 1992;267(19):2650-2652.
JAMA. 1992 May 20;267(19):2638-44.
Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Evidence-based medicine. A new approach to teaching the practice of medicine. JAMA 1992;268:2420-5.
Oxman AD, Sackett DL, Guyatt GH. Users’ guides to the medical literature. I. How to get started. The Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. JAMA. 1993;270:2093-2095. (Il primo di una serie di articoli pubblicati sul JAMA e che furono successivamente rielaborati da Gordon Guyatt e Drummond Rennie nel volume: Users’ Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice)
Davidoff F, Haynes B, Sackett D, Smith R.Evidence based medicine. BMJ 1995;310:1085.
Ellis J, Mulligan I, Rowe J, Sackett DL. In-patient general medicine is evidence-based. Lancet 1995;346(8972):407-10.
Sackett DL. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. BMJ 1996;312:71
Sackett DL. The sins of expertness and a proposal for redemption, BMJ 2000;320:1283
Sackett DA. A 1955 clinical trial report that changed my career. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation, 2008,
Sackett DL. Why did I become a clinician-trialist? JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation, 2015

Volumi
Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, Rosenberg W, Haynes RB. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM, 2nd ed. Edinburgh & New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2000. ISBN 0-443-06240-4.
Haynes RB, Sackett DL, Guyatt GH, Tugwell P. Clinical epidemiology: how to do clinical practice research, 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2006. ISBN 0-7817-4524-1.

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