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Evidence-Based Nursing

Pubblicato venerdì 28 Febbraio 2014

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“L’infermiere fonda il proprio operato su conoscenze validate e aggiornate, cosí da garantire alla persona le cure e l’assistenza piú efficaci”.
(Codice deontologico della professione infermieristica: 3,1)

Le funzioni della EBN

  • agevolare i processi decisionali nell’assistenza infermieristica, fornendo (quando sono disponibili) conoscenze scientifiche fondate e accertate;
  • indurre il personale infermieristico a porsi quesiti clinici rilevanti;
  • promuovere lo sviluppo e stimolare la verifica periodica di criteri e linee guida in base a studi empirici quantitativi e qualitativi;
  • aiutare l’infermiere a trovare piú velocemente risultati scientifici, ad ordinarli, verificarli e valutarne la rilevanza reale.

Le sei fasi della EBN

  1. comprendere il compito da affrontare, ossia qual è il problema assistenziale da risolvere;
  2. formulare un quesito;
  3. eseguire in base al quesito una ricerca bibliografica;
  4. compiere una valutazione critica dei risultati;
  5. recepire tali risultati nella pratica clinica quotidiana;
  6. eseguire una verifica degli esiti pratici riscontrati.

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Accedi agli articoli

Cascino TM, Somanchi S, Colvin M et al. Racial and sex inequities in the use of and outcomes after left ventricular assist device implantation among medicare beneficiaries. JAMA Netw Open 2022;5(7):e2223080.

Ma H et al. Adding salt to foods and hazard of premature mortality. Eur Heart J. 2022 Jul 10:ehac208. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehac208. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35808995.

Clarke PM et al. The comparative mortality of an elite group in the long run of history: an observational analysis of politicians from 11 countries. Eur J Epidemiol 2022:23:1-9.

Wang P et al. Associations between long-term drought and diarrhea among children under five in low- and middle-income countries. Nat Commun 2022;13(1):3661.

McDonagh MS et al. Cannabis-based products for chronic pain : a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2022 Jun 7. doi: 10.7326/M21-4520. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35667066.

Global Burden of Disease 2019 Cancer Collaboration et al. Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life Years for 29 Cancer Groups From 2010 to 2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. JAMA Oncol 2022;8(3):420-444.

Dehmer SP et al. Aspirin use to prevent cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer: a decision analysis: technical report [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2015 Sep. Report No.: 15-05229-EF-1.

Ezekowitz JA et al.; SODIUM-HF Investigators. Reduction of dietary sodium to less than 100 mmol in heart failure (SODIUM-HF): an international, open-label, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet 2022:S0140-6736(22)00369-5.

Fang Z et al. The role of mendelian randomization studies in deciphering the effect of obesity on cancer. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2022; 114 (3); 361-71.

Wong Chung JERE et al. Time to functional recovery after laser tonsillotomy performed under local anesthesia vs conventional tonsillectomy with general anesthesia among adults: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Netw Open 2022;5(2):e2148655. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(2):e2148655.

Sundbøll J. Risk of parkinson disease and secondary parkinsonism in myocardial infarction survivors. Journal of the American Heart Association 2022; doi: 10.1161/JAHA.121.022768

Ferroni E et al. Gender related differences in gastrointestinal bleeding with oral anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther 2022;27:10742484211054609.

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  • BMC Medical Education
  • BMC Nursing
  • BMJ Open
  • PLOS Medicine