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Terremoto: risorse dalla letteratura internazionale

Pubblicato giovedì 25 Agosto 2016

L’importanza di interventi “evidence based” per guidare l’azione umanitaria in caso di eventi catastrofici quali i terremoti è sempre più riconosciuta. Un approccio basato sull’evidenza può migliorare l’efficacia e la sicurezza degli interventi promossi e aiutare a identificare con precisione le esigenze di chi deve essere aiutato.  Evidence aid (http://www.evidenceaid.org/earthquakes-resources/) nasce per promuovere un approccio evidence-based per guidare le decisioni sanitarie in caso di eventi catastrofici.

Un terremoto espone il corpo umano a una serie di rischi che includono traumi, fratture, soffocamento e, per i sopravvissuti, tutta una serie di disturbi psicologici legati alla sindrome post traumatica da stress. Sul sito di Evidence aid sono state selezionate e rese disponibili alcune revisioni sistematiche Cochrane che sintetizzano le prove di efficacia e sicurezza relative agli interventi più comunemente utilizzati in queste circostanze.

Altri link utili sono:

Cochrane and Evidence Aid special collection for earthquakes:
http://www.cochranelibrary.com/app/content/special-collections/article/?doi=10.1002/%28ISSN%2914651858%28CAT%29EvidenceAidFreeaccesstoreviews%28VI%29SC000002

Landslides:  http://www.evidenceaid.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Landslides.pdf

A Systematic Review of the Health Impacts of Mass Earth Movements (Landslides)
http://currents.plos.org/disasters/article/a-systematic-review-of-the-health-impacts-of-mass-earth-movements-landslides/

Di seguito i link per accedere direttamente ad alcune revisioni potenzialmente utili:

Debridement for surgical wounds
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006214.pub4/full

Tissue adhesives for traumatic lacerations in children and adults
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004287.pub4/full

Water for wound cleansing
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003861.pub3/full

Helicopter emergency medical services for adults with major trauma
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009228.pub3/full

Psychosocial interventions for the prevention of disability following traumatic physical injury
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006422.pub3/full

Psychological treatment for anxiety in people with traumatic brain injury
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005239.pub2/full

Beta lactam antibiotic monotherapy versus beta lactam‐aminoglycoside antibiotic combination therapy for sepsis
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003344.pub3/full

Psychological therapies for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006726.pub2/full

Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007316.pub2/full

Altri documenti:
Systematic review of the efficacy of cognitive‐behavior therapy related treatments for victims of natural disasters: a worldwide problem
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0109013

Nurses’ experiences of ethical preparedness for public health emergencies and healthcare disasters: a systematic review of qualitative evidence
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nhs.12130/abstract

Link a risorse istituzionali:

Terremoto: cosa sta facendo la Regione Lazio e cosa puoi fare tu (Regione Lazio, 25/08/2016)
Comunicato stampa ASL Rieti (Ospedale de Lellis e strutture territoriali della Asl di Rieti sono in prima linea per gestire l’emergenza legata al grave sisma che ha colpito il nostro territorio, 24/08/2016)
Terremoto, unità di crisi anche presso il Ministero della salute, 24/08/2016
Il sito della Protezione civile.

 

 

 

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