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Autismo | Trattamenti e linee guida

Pubblicato venerdì 2 Ottobre 2015

I trattamenti per le persone con ASD/autismo dovrebbero sempre essere individualizzati, multidimensionali e multidisciplinari. Gli obiettivi principali sono quelli di massimizzare l’indipendenza funzionale e la qualità della vita, attraverso interventi di supporto allo sviluppo e all’apprendimento, miglioramento delle abilità sociali e comunicative, riduzione della disabilità e dei disturbi in comorbilità, promozione dell’indipendenza e sostegno alle famiglie. Inoltre le persone con autismo dovrebbero essere aiutate a utilizzare al meglio le loro aree di forza.

Sono disponibili linee-guida nazionali1 e internazionali, come quelle dello statunitense Health Resources and Service Administration e del brit nnico NICE 2-4 per programmare trattamenti, scientificamente fondati, basati sull’evidenza.

Bibliografia

  1. ISS (2011). Istituto Superiore di Sanità. Linea-guida per il trattamento dei disturbi dello spettro autistico nei bambini e negli adolescenti (link: http://www.snlg-iss.it/lgn_disturbi_spettro_autistico)
  2. Kendall T, Megnin-Viggars O, Gould N, et al. (2013). Management of autism in children and young people: summary of NICE and SCIE guidance. BMJ 28; 347: f4865.
  3. Maglione MA, Gans D, Das L, Timbie J, Kasari C (2012). Nonmedical interventions for children with ASD: recommended guidelines and further research needs. Pediatrics 130 (Suppl 2): S169-78.
  4. Pilling S, Baron-Cohen S, Megnin-Viggars O, Lee R, Taylor C (2012). Recognition, referral, diagnosis, and management of adults with autism: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 344: e4082.

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